When rain turns to dust
Countries affected by armed conflict are disproportionately vulnerable to climate variability and change, because the adaptive capacity of people, systems and institutions already coping with the consequences of conflict tend to be limited. This report is based on research conducted in southern Iraq, northern Mali, and the interior of the Central African Republic. It draws on the expertise of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), and on the literature on the subject, to explore how people experience conflict and climate risks in combination, and how they cope and adapt. It discusses what the ICRC, and the humanitarian sector as a whole, must do to address these risks and makes an urgent call for strengthening climate action and finance in conflict-affected countries.